Africaine includes 1959 recordings by jazz artist Art Blakey and The Jazz Messengers. These recordings were not released until over 20 years after it was recorded. This album features tenor-saxophonist Wayne Shorter in his first recording with The Jazz Messengers, trumpeter Lee Morgan, pianist Walter Davis, Jr. and bassist Jymie Merritt.
Michael G. Nastos of Allmusic called it, "a recording that shows a band fully able to fuse many exotically attractive elements into a unified whole of creative jazz music ecstasy".
Africaine (Q196) ("African") was an Aurore-class submarine of the French navy.
Still incomplete, she was captured by the Germans in June 1940. She was renamed UF-1 on 13 May 1941 by the Kriegsmarine, but never completed during the German occupation of France.
She was recaptured, completed under her original name, and launched on 7 December 1946. The Africaine was taken out of service in 1961 and was stricken on 28 February 1963 as the Q334.